The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context 9 (2017) 57-64 - Vol. 9 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpal.2017.01.002
Development and validation of the Psychological Abuse Experienced in Groups Scale
Desarrollo y validación de la Escala de Abuso Psicológico Experimentado en Grupos
Omar Saldañaa,, , Álvaro Rodríguez-Carballeiraa, Carmen Almendrosb, Jordi Escartína
a University of Barcelona, Spain
b Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
Received 19 December 2016, Accepted 18 January 2017
Abstract

The aim of this study is the development and analysis of the psychometric properties of a new instrument to assess the possible psychological abuse experienced in a group setting. The Psychological Abuse Experienced in Groups Scale was administered to 138 people who self-identified as former members of abusive groups. An exploratory factor analysis revealed a common factor, which showed appropriate reliability. The scale scores were correlated with a prior measure aimed to assess group abusiveness, providing evidence of external validity. Participants reported a higher degree of psychological distress than normative samples, and those who requested psychological counseling after leaving the group had suffered group psychological abuse to a greater extent. The scale covers a wide range of subtle and explicit abusive behaviors and overcomes the limitations of previous instruments, being useful in both research and applied settings.

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio es el desarrollo y análisis de las propiedades psicométricas de un nuevo instrumento para evaluar el posible abuso psicológico experimentado por una persona en el seno de un grupo. La Escala de Abuso Psicológico Experimentado en Grupos se administró a 138 personas auto-identificadas como exmiembros de grupos abusivos. Mediante un análisis factorial exploratorio se extrajo un factor común que mostró una adecuada fiabilidad. Las puntuaciones de la escala correlacionaron con una medida previa que evalúa el grado de abuso que caracteriza a un grupo, aportando evidencias de validez externa. Los participantes reportaron un mayor grado de malestar psicológico que en muestras normativas y aquellos que buscaron atención psicológica tras abandonar el grupo reportaron haber sufrido abuso psicológico en mayor grado. La escala cubre un amplio rango de conductas abusivas tanto explícitas como sutiles y permite superar las limitaciones de instrumentos previos, resultando útil tanto en el campo académico como en el aplicado.

Keywords
Group, Instrumental study, Interpersonal control, Psychological abuse, Scale development
Palabras clave
Abuso psicológico, Control interpersonal, Desarrollo de escalas, Estudio instrumental, Grupo
The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context 9 (2017) 57-64 - Vol. 9 Num.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpal.2017.01.002